Quick Answer: Is Gravity A Theory Or A Law?

How did Einstein explain gravity?

GETTING A GRIP ON GRAVITY Einstein’s general theory of relativity explains gravity as a distortion of space (or more precisely, spacetime) caused by the presence of matter or energy.

A massive object generates a gravitational field by warping the geometry of the surrounding spacetime..

What is E mc2 used for?

Einstein’s greatest equation, E = mc2, is a triumph of the power and simplicity of fundamental physics. Matter has an inherent amount of energy to it, mass can be converted (under the right conditions) to pure energy, and energy can be used to create massive objects that did not exist previously.

What are the two theories of relativity?

The theory of relativity usually encompasses two interrelated theories by Albert Einstein: special relativity and general relativity. Special relativity applies to all physical phenomena in the absence of gravity. General relativity explains the law of gravitation and its relation to other forces of nature.

What are the 3 laws of gravity?

In the first law, an object will not change its motion unless a force acts on it. In the second law, the force on an object is equal to its mass times its acceleration. In the third law, when two objects interact, they apply forces to each other of equal magnitude and opposite direction.

How did Einstein think of general relativity?

General relativity predicted that light would bend in a gravitational field. In 1919, British expeditions to Africa and South America observed a total solar eclipse to see if the position of stars near the Sun had changed. The observed effect was exactly what Einstein had predicted.

What is Einstein’s theory of time?

Einstein’s theory of special relativity says that time slows down or speeds up depending on how fast you move relative to something else. Approaching the speed of light, a person inside a spaceship would age much slower than his twin at home. Also, under Einstein’s theory of general relativity, gravity can bend time.

What is the law of gravity in simple terms?

a law stating that any two masses attract each other with a force equal to a constant (called the gravitational constant) multiplied by the product of the two masses and divided by the square of the distance between them.

Is relativity a theory or a law?

In 1905, Albert Einstein determined that the laws of physics are the same for all non-accelerating observers, and that the speed of light in a vacuum was independent of the motion of all observers. This was the theory of special relativity.

Why is gravity a scientific law?

In equations formulated by Sir Isaac Newton, the force of gravity grows with the mass of two objects and gets weaker the more distant the objects are from each other. In general, a scientific law is the description of an observed phenomenon.

What is value of G?

Its value is 9.8 m/s2 on Earth. That is to say, the acceleration of gravity on the surface of the earth at sea level is 9.8 m/s2. When discussing the acceleration of gravity, it was mentioned that the value of g is dependent upon location.

Why is gravity considered a law and not a theory?

This is a law because it describes the force but makes not attempt to explain how the force works. A theory is an explanation of a natural phenomenon. Einstein’s General Theory of Relativity explains how gravity works by describing gravity as the effect of curvature of four dimensional spacetime.

What does E mc2 mean?

It’s the world’s most famous equation, but what does it really mean? “Energy equals mass times the speed of light squared.” On the most basic level, the equation says that energy and mass (matter) are interchangeable; they are different forms of the same thing.

What is gravity made of?

They proposed that gravity is actually made of quantum particles, which they called “gravitons.” Anywhere there is gravity, there would be gravitons: on earth, in solar systems, and most importantly in the miniscule infant universe where quantum fluctuations of gravitons sprung up, bending pockets of this tiny space- …

Is gravity a law?

However, for most applications, gravity is well approximated by Newton’s law of universal gravitation, which describes gravity as a force causing any two bodies to be attracted toward each other, with magnitude proportional to the product of their masses and inversely proportional to the square of the distance between …

Did Einstein believe in gravity?

Einstein argued that gravity isn’t a force at all. He described it as a curvature of time and space caused by mass and energy.

Is there a formula for gravity?

The formula is F = G*((m sub 1*m sub 2)/r^2), where F is the force of attraction between the two bodies, G is the universal gravitational constant, m sub 1 is the mass of the first object, m sub 2 is the mass of the second object and r is the distance between the centers of each object.

Who actually discovered gravity?

Sir Isaac NewtonSir Isaac Newton was an English mathematician and mathematician and physicist who lived from 1642-1727. The legend is that Newton discovered Gravity when he saw a falling apple while thinking about the forces of nature.

When did gravity become a law?

In 1632, he put forth the basic principle of relativity. The existence of the gravitational constant was explored by various researchers from the mid-17th century, helping Isaac Newton formulate his law of universal gravitation.