Quick Answer: Which Country Is Largest Producer Of Bauxite?

Is bauxite toxic?

The extraction of alumina from bauxite produces a highly toxic residue, termed bauxite refinery residue (BRR) or red mud.

The toxicity of this material is due to chemical and biological effects of high pH, alkalinity, electrical conductivity (EC), and Na(+) and Al(3+) concentrations..

Why is bauxite used in aluminum foil?

Aluminum Foil- Aluminum is the third most abundant element on earth. … Bauxite is refined to make a pure aluminum oxide call alumina. The alumina is charged with an electrical current. This process is known as electrolytic reduction.

What is white bauxite?

The chemical and mineralogical compositions of bauxites vary considerably from deposit to deposit. In addition to aluminium hydroxides and water, red bauxite contains approx. 20-25 % ferric oxide (Fe 2O 3), whereas white bauxite contains up to 20 % silicon dioxide (SiO 2) in place of the iron compounds.

Which of the following countries is largest producer of bauxite?

AustraliaIn 2019, Australia produced the largest amount of bauxite worldwide. In that year, the country produced 100 million metric tons of bauxite. Following Australia was Guinea, which produced 82 million metric tons of the rock.

What is the world’s largest Aluminium company?

Leading aluminum producers worldwide by production output 2019. In terms of production output, Chalco was the largest aluminum company in 2019. Hongqiao, Rusal, and Xinfa are also ranked among the largest aluminum producers globally.

Does Canada make aluminum?

Canada’s aluminum production 2009-2019 Canada produced some 2.93 million metric tons of aluminum in 2019.

When was Bauxite first discovered?

1821In 1821 Geologist Pierre Berthier discovered reddish clay rock deposits in France. The rock was named bauxite after Les Baux, the area where it was found.

How does bauxite look like?

Bauxite ore is the main source of aluminum and contains the aluminum minerals gibbsite, boehmite, and diaspore. … Bauxite is reddish-brown, white, tan, and tan-yellow. It is dull to earthy in luster and can look like clay or soil.

Where is aluminum mined in the US?

Primary Aluminum Smelters in the USNameLocationOwnerMt Holly PlantMount Holly, South CarolinaCentury AluminumHawesville PlantHawesville, KentuckyCentury AluminumSebree PlantSebree, KentuckyCentury AluminumNoranda PlantNew Madrid, MissouriMagnitude 7 Metals9 more rows

Where is bauxite mostly found?

Bauxite is typically found in topsoil located in various tropical and subtropical regions. The ore is acquired through environmentally responsible strip-mining operations. Bauxite reserves are most plentiful in Africa, Oceania and South America.

What is the rank of India in bauxite production?

List of producing countriesRankCountryProduction2China79,0003Guinea57,0004Brazil29,0005India23,00011 more rows

In which Caribbean country is bauxite found?

JamaicaThree countries from the Caribbean—Jamaica with 3.6 percent of global bauxite production, Suriname with 1.3 percent, and Guyana with about 1 percent—have consistently ranked among the top bauxite exporters in the world but have seen declining shares in a global market that increased by 14 percent overall between 2008 …

How is bauxite created?

Bauxite is formed by the thorough weathering of many different rocks. Clay minerals commonly represent intermediate stages, but some bauxites appear to be reworked chemical precipitates rather than simple alteration products. Bauxite may grade into laterite or clay, laterally or vertically.

How much is bauxite worth?

SMM estimates that imported bauxite ore averaged a price of US$54/metric ton last year, a rise of US$3/per metric ton over 2017 prices.

Why is bauxite mining bad?

The processes of excavating, removal of top soil and vegetation, transportation of bauxite and unwanted elements and stockpiling of bauxite cause degradation of air quality mainly related to dust pollution.

Which country is the largest producer of Aluminium?

Saudi ArabiaList of countries by primary aluminium productionRankCountry/RegionPrimary aluminium production (thousands of metric tons)—World60,0001Saudi Arabia33,0002India3,7003Russia3,70024 more rows

Where is Aluminium mined in the world?

Today: In 2016 an estimated 57.6 million tonnes of Aluminium were produced. This is more than all other non-ferrous metals combined. Australia mines bauxite in Queensland, Western Australia, the Northern Territory and Tasmania and is the world’s largest bauxite producer.

Which state is largest producer of Aluminium in India?

state of OdishaThe state of Odisha is the largest producer of bauxite in India. India has abundant resources of bauxite and serves as a raw material in the production of aluminium.

Who is the largest exporter of aluminum?

ChinaChina is the world’s leading exporter of aluminum and aluminum products. In 2019, China’s exports of aluminum were valued at 26 billion U.S. dollars, almost ten billion U.S. dollars more than Germany, the second-largest exporter.

Where is Aluminium found?

Aluminium is the most abundant metal in the Earth’s crust (8.1%) but is rarely found uncombined in nature. It is usually found in minerals such as bauxite and cryolite. These minerals are aluminium silicates. Most commercially produced aluminium is extracted by the Hall–Héroult process.

What products contain bauxite?

Bauxite is used in a lot of industries like the chemical industry, refractory, abrasive, cement, steel, and petrol industry amongst others. In chemical, bauxite along with alumina is used in the manufacturing of aluminium chemicals. In refractory, it is used as a raw material for making several products.

What type of rock is bauxite?

Bauxite is a sedimentary rock with a relatively high aluminium content. It is the world’s main source of aluminium and gallium.

Where do we use bauxite?

Bauxite is aluminium-rich ore that is used for aluminium production (the metallurgical bauxites) and for production of refractory materials, chemicals or cements (the non-metallurgical bauxites).

Where does Canada get its bauxite?

There are no bauxite mines in Canada. The country’s refinery and smelters use ore and refined alumina imported from other countries.

Does Canada mine bauxite?

No bauxite is mined in Canada.

In which industry bauxite is used as raw material?

Bauxite is used as the main raw material for alumina making, which in turn is utilised for aluminium manufacturing.

What is bauxite formula?

Molecular Formula. Al2H2O4. Synonyms. Bauxite.