What Countries Does Australia Export Coal?

How long will Australia’s coal last?

around 125 yearsAustralia possesses 10% of global recoverable black coal resources, sufficient for around 125 years’ production at current rates.

About 87% of coal production is exported; of the remaining coal used domestically, 88% is used for power generation nationally..

What country produces most coal?

ChinaChina is the global leader in coal production by an incredible margin, producing 3,474 metric tonnes (mt) in 2018, rising by 2.9% for the second year running but down from its peak of 3,749mt in 2013.

Who has the most coal in the world?

Countries with the biggest coal reservesUnited States of America – 250.2 billion tonnes. … Russia – 160.3 billion tonnes. … Australia – 147.4 billion tonnes. … China – 138.8 billion tonnes. … India – 101.3 billion tonnes. … Indonesia – 37 billion tonnes. … Germany – 36.1 billion tonnes. … Ukraine – 34.37 billion tonnes.More items…•

Who is the world’s largest coal producer?

ChinaWorld total coal production, 1971-2019 provisional China, the world’s biggest producer, remains at 4% annual growth rate, at 3,693 Mt in 2019.

Is Australian coal high quality?

Australian thermal coal is higher in energy content, so 20% less coal is required to be burnt to generate a unit of electricity. … As a result, the Australian benchmark is gradually giving way to a lower quality secondary benchmark with 10% lower energy content and almost double the ash content (5,500kcal, 20% ash).

Does Australia rely on coal?

Australia’s primary energy consumption is dominated by coal (around 40 per cent), oil (34 per cent) and gas (22 per cent). Coal accounts for about 75 per cent of Australia’s electricity generation, followed by gas (16 per cent), hydro (5 per cent) and wind around (2 per cent).

What countries export coal?

Below are the 15 countries that exported the highest dollar value worth of coal during 2019.Australia: US$44.4 billion (37.5% of total coal exports)Indonesia: $21.5 billion (18.2%)Russia: $16 billion (13.5%)United States: $9.8 billion (8.3%)Colombia: $5.2 billion (4.4%)Canada: $5.2 billion (4.4%)More items…•

How much does Australia export from coal?

In financial year 2019, the export value of coal from Australia was approximately 69.6 billion Australian dollars. The value of coal exports had almost doubled over the past decade, with coal being one of the leading export commodities in the country.

What is the biggest coal mine in the world?

North Antelope Rochelle coal mineThe largest coal mine in the world by reserves is the North Antelope Rochelle coal mine in the Powder River Basin of Wyoming, US. The mine was estimated to contain more than 1.7 billion tonnes of recoverable coal as of December 2018.

What is the cleanest coal?

anthraciteThe ranks of coal (from most to least carbon content) are as follows: anthracite, bituminous coal, sub-bituminous coal, and lignite. The coal with the highest carbon content is the best and cleanest type of coal to use.

What 3 countries consume the most coal?

Coal Consumption by Country#CountryWorld Share1China50.5 %2India11.3 %3United States8.5 %4Germany3.0 %93 more rows

Which country has the best quality coal?

Experts told Fact Check that Australia’s coal is on average high quality as a result of its low moisture and ash content, and high carbon content, compared with other countries, particularly Indonesia, the largest coal exporter in the world.

Does Australia have clean coal?

Australia’s electricity sector is the nation’s largest source of greenhouse gas pollution, producing 33% of Australia’s greenhouse gas pollution levels in 2017. There is no such thing as clean coal.

Does coal have a future?

At least 28 countries have now joined the alliance, which requires OECD signatories to end coal by 2030, and developing ones by 2050. Rising carbon prices and the shift towards gas as a low-carbon ‘transition fuel’ are contributing to coal’s decline, but the collapsing cost of renewables is the real game changer.

What country is the largest exporter of coal?

AustraliaWith exports of 249.4Mtoe in 2018, Australia is the leading coal exporting country in the world — accounting for 29% of the world’s total coal exports. In 2018, Australia produced 301.1Mtoe of coal, consuming about 15% for domestic needs.

Is Coal Australia’s biggest export?

Coal is one of Australia’s largest exports, and has accounted for around one-quarter of Australia’s resource exports by value over the past decade. However, demand in the global market for coal has been evolving in recent years, which is creating some uncertainties for the longer-term outlook for coal exports.

Which country has the cleanest coal?

RussiaAnthracite is found on the east coast in the US, South Africa, Australia, Western Canada, China and Russia. Two-thirds of Russia’s coal reserves are anthracite. Because of its efficiency and thus less carbon and sulphur usage per watt of power, anthracite is also the ‘cleanest’ coal in the world.

Who owns Australia’s coal mines?

Australia’s top three coal producers, Glencore, BHP and Yancoal, recorded hefty profits last year from coking and thermal coal. These three companies control well over half of Australian black coal production and all have said they are enjoying great cash margins (reflecting profit after operating costs) of about 45%.